1. Yitzhak Rabin was born in Jerusalem on March 1, 1922 under the British mandate but by the time he turned 1, his family moved to Tel Aviv.
2. Yitzhak Rabin’s father was a rabbi but nevertheless sent him to a Catholic school.
3. Yitzhak Rabin continued his schooling as a teenager in an agricultural high school until 1940, and he intended to become an agricultural engineer specializing in irrigation.
4. In 1941, Yitzhak Rabin joined the Palmah division of the Haganah, one of the Zionist Jewish paramilitary forces in Palestine at the time, which was active from World War II until the independence of the State of Israel.
5. Yitzhak Rabin was the Israeli ambassador to the United States in 1968.
6. Rabin’s mandate took on a historic dimension when he signed the Oslo Accords in 1993, creating the Palestinian Authority and ceding control of parts of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank to the Palestinians for the first time.
7. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994.
8. On November 4, 1995, Yitzhak Rabin, 73 years old, was shot twice at close range in his back. This murder occurred after he gave a speech at a peace rally in the Square of the Kings of Israel in Tel Aviv, now renamed Yitzhak Rabin Square. Fatally wounded, Rabin died on the operating table at Tel Aviv’s Ichilov Hospital a few hours later.
9. His assassin, Yigal Amir , was a Jewish Israeli law student who opposed the Oslo Accords, which concluded in 1993 with the Palestinians.
- Condoleezza Rice, Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton were present at his funeral.
What did Yitzhak Rabin do?
After starting a career in the Israeli army in 1947, he participated in the Arab-Israeli war of 1948-1949, then reached the rank of general and the post of General of the Army following the Six Day War.
He then went into politics, becoming a figure of the Israeli Labor Party. He served as Prime Minister of Israel from 1974 to 1977 and then from 1992 until his assassination by a Jewish extremist. In 1994, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, notably for his active role in the signing of the Oslo Accords (1993).
Yitzhak Rabin Youth
Yitzhak Rabin was born in Jerusalem on March 1, 1922 under the British Mandate but he grew up in Tel Aviv from the age of one. His parents were Nehemiah Rubitzov (1886 – 1971) and Rosa (née Cohen; 1890 – 1937), emigrants from the Third Aliyah. Her father was born in a Shtetl of the Kiev Oblast. At the age of 18 he changed his name to Rabbi, emigrating first to the United States and later to Palestine as a representative with a group of the Jewish Legion. His mother, Rosa Cohen, was born in Mahiliow, Belarus. Her father is a Rabbi but nevertheless sent her to a Catholic school in Gomel. In 1919, she left for Mandate Palestine and settled in a Kibbutz near Galilee, where her parents joined her in 1920. Nehemiah Rubitzov and Rosa Cohen met in Jerusalem in 19202.
Yitzhak Rabin continued his schooling as a teenager in an agricultural high school until 1940, intending to become an agricultural engineer specializing in irrigation. In 1941, he joined the Palmah section of the Haganah, during training at Kibbutz Ramat Yochanan, and became an officer in 1947. He married Leah Schlossberg in 1948.
During the Arab-Israeli war of 1948-1949, Rabin commanded the Harel brigade of Palmah. Until June, this brigade was deployed along the road between Sha’ar HaGai (Bab al-Oued) and Jerusalem. He took part in Operation Maccabee and Operation Yoram against Latroun, then in Operation Dani and later in operations in the Negev.
In 1964, he was appointed General of the Israeli Army by Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, who, with little military experience, chose to give him great freedom of action.
Under his command, the Israeli Defense Force was victorious over Egypt, Syria and Jordan in the Six Day War in 1967. After the capture of the Old Old City of Jerusalem, Rabbi was one of the first to visit it. He then gave a famous speech at the Hebrew University on Mount Scopus.
Rabin left the IDF and became ambassador to the United States in 1968. In 1973, he was elected a Labor deputy in the Knesset. He joined the government as Minister of Labor and was then elected leader of his political party. On June 2, 1974, he succeeded Golda Meir at the head of the government as Prime Minister.
The main event of his first government was the famous Operation Entebbe, in which the military of Tsahal, Uganda, rescued the passengers from a plane hijacked by a group of Palestinian terrorists.
Two crises eventually led Yitzhak Rabin to resign:
the break-up of his coalition government when four F-15 planes were delivered one Shabbat day;
the revelation of the existence of a bank account in American dollars, in the name of his wife, which was forbidden at the time by Israeli monetary laws.
Yitzhak Rabin acknowledges holding this bank account and resigns.
Menahem Begin and the Likud were brought to power in 1977, following the resignation of Rabin, who then became a member of the left-wing opposition.
In 1984, he obtained the portfolio of Minister of Defense in several governments of national unity. He is known in particular for the radical measures he took, in this position, to counter the first Intifada.
Rabin was re-elected Prime Minister in July 1992 but from October, following the crash of flight 1862 El Al on the Dutch district of Bijlmermeer (suburb of Amsterdam), he had to face a major diplomatic crisis.
Rabin’s mandate took on a historic dimension when he signed the Oslo Accords in 1993, creating the Palestinian Authority and ceding partial control of certain areas of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank to the Palestinians for the first time. Under his mandate, Yasser Arafat officially renounced the use of violence and recognized Israel in an official letter. Rabin recognized the PLO in return on September 9, 1993.
Rabin also signed the Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty in 1994.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in 1994 to the political leaders who made the Oslo Accords possible: Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat.
These accords, which drew him the sympathy of part of the population, also aroused the hatred of extreme right-wing militants. While some celebrate him as a hero of peace, others perceive him as a traitor who renounced a share of the land promised to the Jewish people in the Torah.
However, the Rabin government maintains itself thanks to Israeli Arab deputies in the Knesset.
Who shot Yitzhak Rabin? Where did Yitzhak Rabin die?
On November 4, 1995, Yitzhak Rabin, aged 73, was shot twice at close range in his back. This murder occurred after he had given a speech at a peace rally in the Square of the Kings of Israel in Tel Aviv, now renamed Yitzhak Rabin Square. Fatally wounded, Rabin died on the operating table of the Ichilov hospital in Tel Aviv a few hours later. His assassin was Yigal Amir, a Jewish Israeli law student who opposed the Oslo Accords, concluded in 1993 with the Palestinians. The date of this assassination is commemorated in the square where he was killed and which now bears his name, as do many Israeli streets and associations.
The Israeli-Palestinian peace process has been greatly slowed down following Rabin’s assassination. This murder also resulted in a widening of the divide in Israeli society between religious and secularists.
Ten years after his assassination, two hundred thousand Israelis gathered on November 5, 2005 in Tel Aviv in Yitzhak Rabin Square, now a symbol of peace. Many personalities were present such as Israeli President Moshe Katsav, the American Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, former American President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary Clinton, then Senator of the State of New York.
Where is Yigal Amir now?
Ygal Amir an Israeli born in Herzliya on May 23, 1970, assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on November 4, 1995 during a demonstration in support of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process in Tel Aviv. He was sentenced to life imprisonment.
He adheres to an ideologically radical version of religious Zionism. During the investigation, he explains that he took the decision to assassinate Yitzhak Rabin on March 3, 1994, during the funeral of Baruch Goldstein, responsible for the Hebron massacre. His objective was to continue the struggle that Goldstein had begun against the peace process, “in the name of God”.
Who Replaced Yitzhak Rabin as prime minister of Israel?
Immediately after the death of Yitzhak Rabin, she asked that Shimon Peres, who was acting as interim president, immediately provoke early legislative elections to take advantage of the momentum created by the assassination of her husband: “Shimon, I ask you to lead this people towards peace, because that is what they want. “But Shimon Peres did not provoke early elections and, in May 1996, the Labor Party, still in favor of peace, was defeated by the leader of Likud, Benjamin Netanyahu, sworn enemy of Leah Rabin, who accused him of being responsible for the death of her husband by the smear campaigns he had launched against him. Netanyahu had benefited from the climate of fear created by the attacks against civilians perpetrated by Palestinian Islamists at the beginning of 1996. Elected on a false promise (“Peace plus Security”), Netanyahu resigned three years later on a declaration of failure.